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Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592, the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in 1690, and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have since been the subject of a territorial dispute, first between Britain and Spain, then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833. Argentina invaded the islands on 2 April 1982. The British responded with an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced an Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982. With hostilities ended and Argentine forces withdrawn, UK administration resumed.


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Transportation

Airports World Ranking: 170
7 (2012)

Airports - with paved runways
Total 2
2,438 to 3,047 m 1
914 to 1,523 m 1 (2012)

Airports - with unpaved runways
Total 5
Under 914 m 5 (2012)

Roadways World Ranking: 197
Total 440 km
Paved 50 km
Unpaved 390 km (2008)

Ports and terminals
Stanley


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Falkland Islands ( Islas Malvinas ) [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory):


GPS points from Falkland Islands ( Islas Malvinas ) [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory)

Lebon Creek Falkland Islands (general)

Middle Shoal Falkland Islands (general)

Ordnance Point Falkland Islands (general)

Caleta De La Lena Falkland Islands (general)

Watts Cove Falkland Islands (general)

Johnson Harbour Settlement Falkland Islands (general)

Puerto Mare Falkland Islands (general)

Swan Island Falkland Islands (general)




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