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Strategically important, Gibraltar was reluctantly ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony in 1830. In a referendum held in 1967, Gibraltarians voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency. The subsequent granting of autonomy in 1969 by the UK led to Spain closing the border and severing all communication links. Between 1997 and 2002, the UK and Spain held a series of talks on establishing temporary joint sovereignty over Gibraltar. In response to these talks, the Gibraltar Government called a referendum in late 2002 in which the majority of citizens voted overwhelmingly against any sharing of sovereignty with Spain. Since late 2004, Spain, the UK, and Gibraltar have held tripartite talks with the aim of cooperatively resolving problems that affect the local population, and work continues on cooperation agreements in areas such as taxation and financial services; communications and maritime security; policy, legal and customs services; environmental protection; and education and visa services. Throughout 2009, a dispute over Gibraltar's claim to territorial waters extending out three miles gave rise to periodic non-violent maritime confrontations between Spanish and UK naval patrols. A new noncolonial constitution came into effect in 2007, and the European Court of First Instance recognized Gibraltar's right to regulate its own tax regime in December 2008. The UK retains responsibility for defense, foreign relations, internal security, and financial stability.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 185
24,000 (2010)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 201
32,500 (2010)

Telephone system
General assessment
Adequate, automatic domestic system and adequate international facilities
Domestic Automatic exchange facilities
International
Country code - 350; radiotelephone; microwave radio relay; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast media
Gibraltar Broadcasting Corporation (GBC) provides TV and radio broadcasting services via 1 TV station and 4 radio stations; British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) operates 1 radio station; broadcasts from Spanish radio and TV stations are accessible (2008)

Internet country code
.gi

Internet hosts World Ranking: 151
3,445 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 192
20,200 (2009)


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Gibraltar [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory):


GPS points from Gibraltar [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory)

Theatre Royal Gibraltar (general)

Saint Abb's Head Gibraltar (general)

Bay Of Algeciras Gibraltar (general)

Central Hall Gibraltar (general)

Grand Casemates Gibraltar (general)

North Front Gibraltar (general)

Bleak House Gibraltar (general)

Muelle De Artilleria Gibraltar (general)




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