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The Mayan civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had left more than 200,000 people dead and had created, by some estimates, some 1 million refugees. In January 2012, Guatemala assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2012-13 term.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 64
1.626 million (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 45
20.716 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Fairly modern network centered in the city of Guatemala
Domestic
State-owned telecommunications company privatized in the late 1990s opening the way for competition; fixed-line teledensity roughly 10 per 100 persons; fixed-line investments are being concentrated on improving rural connectivity; mobile-cellular teledensity approaching 150 per 100 persons
International
Country code - 502; landing point for both the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) and the SAM-1 fiber optic submarine cable system that together provide connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; connected to Central American Microwave System; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast media
4 privately-owned national terrestrial TV channels dominate TV broadcasting; multi-channel satellite and cable services are available; 1 government-owned radio station and hundreds of privately-owned radio stations (2007)

Internet country code
.gt

Internet hosts World Ranking: 59
346,834 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 72
2.279 million (2009)


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Guatemala (Guatemala City):
Country Flag
Country Locator

GPS points from Guatemala (Guatemala City)

square Chex Departamento De Huehuetenango

square La Candelaria Departamento De Santa Rosa

square Los Corralitos Departamento De Baja Verapaz

square Cambalam Departamento Del Quiche

square Rio Ixcan Departamento Del Peten

square Finca San Rafael La Vega Departamento De Chimaltenango

square Yaltoyas Departamento De Huehuetenango

square Quebrada Honda Departamento De Zacapa




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