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The United Kingdom transferred these uninhabited, barren, sub-Antarctic islands to Australia in 1947. Populated by large numbers of seal and bird species, the islands have been designated a nature preserve.


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Geography

Location
Islands in the Indian Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica

Geographic coordinates
53 06 S, 72 31 E

Map references
Antarctic Region

Area World Ranking: 202
Total 412 sq km
Land 412 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
Slightly more than two times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
101.9 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 12 nm
Exclusive fishing zone 200 nm

Climate
Antarctic

Terrain
Heard Island - 80% ice-covered, bleak and mountainous, dominated by a large massif (Big Ben) and an active volcano (Mawson Peak); McDonald Islands - small and rocky

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Indian Ocean 0 m
Highest point
Mawson Peak on Big Ben volcano 2,745 m

Natural resources
Fish

Land use
Arable land 0%
Permanent crops 0%
Other 100% (2005)

Irrigated land
0 sq km

Natural hazards
Mawson Peak, an active volcano, is on Heard Island

Environment - current issues
NA

Geography - note
Mawson Peak on Heard Island is the highest Australian mountain (at 2,745 meters, it is taller than Mt. Kosciuszko in Australia proper), and one of only two active volcanoes located in Australian territory, the other being McDonald Island; in 1992, McDonald Island broke its dormancy and began erupting; it has erupted several times since, the most recent being in 2005


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Heard Island And Mcdonald Islands [ Australia ] (Australia):
Country Flag
Country Locator

GPS points from Heard Island And Mcdonald Islands [ Australia ] (Australia)

square Black Cliff Heard Island And Mcdonald Islands (general)

square Cape Lawrence Heard Island And Mcdonald Islands (general)

square Territory Of Heard And Mcdonald Islands Heard Island And Mcdonald Islands (general)

square Mount Dixon Heard Island And Mcdonald Islands (general)

square Mont Andree De La Rue Heard Island And Mcdonald Islands (general)

square Big Ben Heard Island And Mcdonald Islands (general)

square South Island Heard Island And Mcdonald Islands (general)

square Meyers Rocks Heard Island And Mcdonald Islands (general)




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