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The Gilbert Islands became a British protectorate in 1892 and a colony in 1915; they were captured by the Japanese in the Pacific War in 1941. The islands of Makin and Tarawa were the sites of major US amphibious victories over entrenched Japanese garrisons in 1943. The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati. The US relinquished all claims to the sparsely inhabited Phoenix and Line Island groups in a 1979 treaty of friendship with Kiribati.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun
I-Kiribati (singular and plural)
Adjective I-Kiribati

Ethnic groups
Micronesian 98.8%, other 1.2% (2000 census)

Languages
I-Kiribati, English (official)

Religions
Roman Catholic 55%, Protestant 36%, Mormon 3.1%, Baha'i 2.2%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.9%, other 1.8% (2005 census)

Population World Ranking: 194
101,998 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
33.9% (male 17,385/female 16,750)
15-64 years
62.4% (male 30,598/female 32,259)
65 years and over
3.7% (male 1,461/female 2,290) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 22.9 years
Male 22.1 years
Female 23.7 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 95
1.228% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 74
22.45 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 121
7.31 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 174
-2.85 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 44% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
TARAWA (capital) 43,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.64 male(s)/female
Total population
0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 155
9 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 63
Total 37.68 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 38.91 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
36.38 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 170
Total population 64.76 years
Male 62.37 years
Female 67.26 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 74
2.71 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 174
3.3% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.297 physicians/1,000 population (2006)

Hospital bed density
1.8 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate
NA

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
NA

Hiv/aids - deaths
NA

Obesity - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 4
50.6% (2006)

Education expenditures
NA

Literacy
NA

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 12 years
Male 12 years
Female 13 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 95
Total 11.3%
Male 11.8%
Female 10% (2005)


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Kiribati (South Tarawa):
Country Flag
Country Locator

GPS points from Kiribati (South Tarawa)

square Nanouki Kiribati (general)

square Maiana Atoll Kiribati (general)

square South West Point Kiribati (general)

square Abatao Kiribati (general)


square Tapeteuea Island Kiribati (general)

square Batitotai Kiribati (general)

square Auvergne Sand Hills Kiribati (general)




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