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Colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Macau was the first European settlement in the Far East. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and Portugal on 13 April 1987, Macau became the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China on 20 December 1999. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's political and economic system would not be imposed on Macau, and that Macau would enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign affairs and defense for the next 50 years.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form
Macau Special Administrative Region
Conventional short form Macau
Official long form
Aomen Tebie Xingzhengqu (Chinese); Regiao Administrativa Especial de Macau (Portuguese)
Official short form
Aomen (Chinese); Macau (Portuguese)

Dependency status
Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China

Government type
Limited democracy

Administrative divisions
None (special administrative region of the People's Republic of China)

Independence
None (special administrative region of China)

Constitution
The Basic Law, approved 31 March 1993 by China's National People's Congress, is Macau's charter

Legal system
Civil law system based on the Portuguese model

Suffrage
18 years of age in direct elections for some legislative positions, universal for permanent residents living in Macau for the past seven years; note - indirect elections are limited to organizations registered as "corporate voters" (973 were registered in the 2009 legislative elections) and a 300-member Election Committee for the Chief Executive (CE) drawn from broad regional groupings, municipal organizations, central government bodies, and elected Macau officials

Executive branch
Chief of state
President of China HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003)
Head of government
Chief Executive Fernando CHUI Sai-on (since 20 December 2009)
Cabinet
Executive Council consists of 1 government secretary, 3 legislators, 4 businessmen, 1 pro-Beijing unionist, and 1 pro-Beijing educator
Elections
Chief executive chosen by a 300-member Election Committee for a five-year term (current chief executive is eligible for a second term); election last held on 26 July 2009 (next to be held in July 2014)
Election results
Fernando CHUI Sai-on elected in 2009 with 282 votes, took office on 20 December 2009

Legislative branch
Unicameral Legislative Assembly (29 seats; 12 members elected by popular vote, 10 by indirect vote, and 7 appointed by the chief executive; members serve four-year terms)
Elections
Last held on 20 September 2009 (next to be held in September 2013)
Election results
Percent of vote - UPD 14.9%, ACUM 12%, APMD 11.6%, NUDM 9.9%, UPP 9.9%, ANMD 7.8%, UMG 7.3%, MUDAR 5.5%, others 21.1%; seats by political group - UPD 2, ACUM 2, APMD 2, NUMD 1, UPP 1, ANMD 1, UMG 1, MUDAR 1; 10 seats filled by professional and business groups; 7 members appointed by the chief executive

Judicial branch
Court of Final Appeal in Macau Special Administrative Region

Political parties and leaders
Alliance for Change or MUDAR; Macau Development Alliance or NUDM [Angela LEONG On-kei]; Macau-Guangdong Union or UNG; Macau United Citizens' Association or ACUM [CHAN Meng-kam]; New Macau Association or NMA [Jason CHAO]; New Hope or NE [Jose Maria Pereira COUTINHO]; Union for Promoting Progress or UPP [LEONG Heng-teng]
Note
There is no political party ordinance, so there are no registered political parties; politically active groups register as societies or companies

Political pressure groups and leaders
Civic Power [Agnes LAM lok-fong]; Macau New Chinese Youth Association [LEONG Sin-man]; Macau Society of Tourism and Entertainment or STDM [Stanley HO]; Macau Worker's Union [HO Heng-kuok]; Union for Democracy Development [Antonio NG Kuok-cheong]

International organization participation
ICC, IHO, IMF, IMO (associate), Interpol (subbureau), ISO (correspondent), UNESCO (associate), UNWTO (associate), UPU, WCO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the us
None (special administrative region of China)

Diplomatic representation from the us
The US has no offices in Macau; US Consulate General in Hong Kong is accredited to Macau

Flag description
Green with a lotus flower above a stylized bridge and water in white, beneath an arc of five gold, five-pointed stars: one large in the center of the arc and two smaller on either side; the lotus is the floral emblem of Macau, the three petals represent the peninsula and two islands that make up Macau; the five stars echo those on the flag of China

National symbol(s)
Lotus blossom

National anthem
Note
As a Special Administrative Region of China, "Yiyonggjun Jinxingqu" is the official anthem (see China)


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Macau S A R (Special Administrative Region):


GPS points from Macau S A R (Special Administrative Region)

Macao Macau (general)



Baia De Caho Macau (general)

Pi-tan-ni-pei Wan Macau (general)

Coloane Ilhas

Kai King Macau (general)

Lai Chi Van Ilhas




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