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Although known to Arab and Malay sailors as early as the 10th century, Mauritius was first explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century and subsequently settled by the Dutch - who named it in honor of Prince Maurits van NASSAU - in the 17th century. The French assumed control in 1715, developing the island into an important naval base overseeing Indian Ocean trade, and establishing a plantation economy of sugar cane. The British captured the island in 1810, during the Napoleonic Wars. Mauritius remained a strategically important British naval base, and later an air station, playing an important role during World War II for anti-submarine and convoy operations, as well as the collection of signal intelligence. Independence from the UK was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes.


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Military

Military branches
No regular military forces; Mauritius Police Force, Special Mobile Force, National Coast Guard (2009)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 343,628 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 280,596
Females age 16-49 283,317 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 10,193
Female 10,104 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 168
0.3% of GDP (2006 est.)


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Mauritius (Port Louis):
Country Flag
Country Locator

GPS points from Mauritius (Port Louis)

square Le Bouchon Grand Port District

square Grande Case Noyale Black River District

square North Entrance Mauritius (general)

square Saint Louis Port Louis District

square Riviere Des Anguilles Savanne District

square Moka Village Moka District

square Cirne Mauritius (general)

square Belle Vue Riviere Du Rempart District




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