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Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856, the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.


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Government

Country name
Conventional long form Territory of Norfolk Island
Conventional short form Norfolk Island

Dependency status
Self-governing territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Department of Regional Australia, Regional Development and Local Government

Government type
NA

Capital
Name Kingston
Geographic coordinates 29 03 S, 167 58 E
Time difference
UTC+11.5 (16.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
None (territory of Australia)

Independence
None (territory of Australia)

National holiday
Bounty Day (commemorates the arrival of Pitcairn Islanders), 8 June (1856)

Constitution
Norfolk Island Act of 1979 as amended in 2005

Legal system
English common law and the laws of Australia

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by the Australian governor general
Head of government
Administrator Owen WALSH (since October 2007)
Cabinet
Executive Council made up of 4 of the 9 members of the Legislative Assembly; the council devises government policy and acts as an advisor to the administrator
Elections
The monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia

Legislative branch
Unicameral Legislative Assembly (9 seats; members elected by electors who have nine equal votes each but only four votes can be given to any one candidate; members to serve three-year terms)
Elections
Last held on 17 March 2010 (next to be held in 2013)
Election results
Seats - independents 9 (note - no political parties)

Judicial branch
Supreme Court; Court of Petty Sessions

Political parties and leaders
None

Political pressure groups and leaders
None

International organization participation
UPU

Diplomatic representation in the us
None (territory of Australia)

Diplomatic representation from the us
None (territory of Australia)

Flag description
Three vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly wider white band; green stands for the rich vegetation on the island, and the pine tree - endemic to the island - is a symbol of Norfolk Island
Note
Somewhat reminiscent of the flag of Canada with its use of only two colors and depiction of a prominent local floral symbol in the central white band

National symbol(s)
Norfolk Island pine

National anthem
Name "Come Ye Blessed"
Lyrics/music
New Testament/John Prindle SCOTT
Note
The local anthem, whose lyrics consist of the words from Matthew 25:34-36, 40, is also known as "The Pitcairn Anthem;" as a territory of Australia, "God Save the Queen" is official (see Australia), however, the island does not recognize "Advance Australia Fair"


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Norfolk Island [ Australia ] (Australia):




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