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Explored and settled by the Spanish in the 16th century, Panama broke with Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela - named the Republic of Gran Colombia. When the latter dissolved in 1830, Panama remained part of Colombia. With US backing, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903 and promptly signed a treaty with the US allowing for the construction of a canal and US sovereignty over a strip of land on either side of the structure (the Panama Canal Zone). The Panama Canal was built by the US Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement was signed for the complete transfer of the Canal from the US to Panama by the end of the century. Certain portions of the Zone and increasing responsibility over the Canal were turned over in the subsequent decades. With US help, dictator Manuel NORIEGA was deposed in 1989. The entire Panama Canal, the area supporting the Canal, and remaining US military bases were transferred to Panama by the end of 1999. In October 2006, Panamanians approved an ambitious plan (estimated to cost $5.3 billion) to expand the Canal. The project, which began in 2007 and could double the Canal's capacity, is expected to be completed in 2014-15.


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Military

Military branches
No regular military forces; Panamanian public forces include: Panamanian National Police (PNP), National Air-Naval Service (SENAN), National Border Service (SENAFRONT) (2010)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 890,006 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 731,254
Females age 16-49 728,329 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 32,142
Female 30,879 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 128
1% of GDP (2006)

Military - note
On 10 February 1990, the government of then President ENDARA abolished Panama's military and reformed the security apparatus by creating the Panamanian Public Forces; in October 1994, Panama's Legislative Assembly approved a constitutional amendment prohibiting the creation of a standing military force but allowing the temporary establishment of special police units to counter acts of "external aggression"


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Panama (Panama City):
Country Flag
Country Locator

GPS points from Panama (Panama City)

square El Maranon Provincia De Panama

square Quebrada La Venada Provincia De Los Santos

square Rio Chorchita Provincia De Chiriqui

square Quebrada Corocita Provincia De Panama

square Nuevo Paraiso Provincia De Panama

square Valle Escobal Provincia De Colon

square Paraiso Provincia Del Darien

square Alto Del Ciruelito Provincia De Veraguas




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