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Resistance by native Caribs prevented colonization on Saint Vincent until 1719. Disputed between France and the United Kingdom for most of the 18th century, the island was ceded to the latter in 1783. Between 1960 and 1962, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was a separate administrative unit of the Federation of the West Indies. Autonomy was granted in 1969 and independence in 1979.


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Geography

Location
Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates
13 15 N, 61 12 W

Map references
Central America and the Caribbean

Area World Ranking: 203
Total
389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344 sq km)
Land 389 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
Twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
84 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 12 nm
Contiguous zone 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone 200 nm
Continental shelf 200 nm

Climate
Tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

Terrain
Volcanic, mountainous

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Caribbean Sea 0 m
Highest point La Soufriere 1,234 m

Natural resources
Hydropower, cropland

Land use
Arable land 17.95%
Permanent crops 17.95%
Other 64.1% (2005)

Irrigated land
10 sq km (2003)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Total 0.01
Per capita 83 cu m/yr (1995)

Natural hazards
Hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat

Environment - current issues
Pollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas, pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive

Environment - international agreements
Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
Signed, but not ratified
None of the selected agreements

Geography - note
The administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is comprised of 32 islands and cays


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Saint Vincent And The Grenadines (Kingstown):


GPS points from Saint Vincent And The Grenadines (Kingstown)

The Grenadines Grenadines

Lovell Village Grenadines

Paget Farm Grenadines

Sail Rock Grenadines

Wash Rock Parish Of Saint George

Charlestown Bay Grenadines

Isle Quatre Grenadines

Double Rock Grenadines




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