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The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then. Yahya JAMMEH led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity. A new constitution and presidential elections in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. JAMMEH has been elected president in all subsequent elections including most recently in late 2011.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Gambian(s)
Adjective Gambian

Ethnic groups
African 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1% (2003 census)

Languages
English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars

Religions
Muslim 90%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 2%

Population World Ranking: 149
1,840,454 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
40% (male 360,732/female 358,440)
15-64 years
56.9% (male 501,946/female 520,826)
65 years and over
3.1% (male 26,645/female 29,271) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 19.7 years
Male 19.4 years
Female 19.9 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 34
2.344% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 31
33.41 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 115
7.5 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 169
-2.46 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 58% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
3.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
BANJUL (capital) 436,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.9 male(s)/female
Total population
0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 28
360 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 20
Total 69.58 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 75.15 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
63.84 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 173
Total population 63.82 years
Male 61.52 years
Female 66.18 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 39
4.1 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 27
10.1% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.038 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density
1.13 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 29
2% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 79
18,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 80
Fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk Very high
Food or waterborne diseases
Bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne diseases Malaria
Water contact disease Schistosomiasis
Respiratory disease Meningococcal meningitis
Animal contact disease Rabies (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 52
15.8% (2006)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 155
2% of GDP (2004)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 50%
Male 60%
Female 40.4% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 9 years
Male 9 years
Female 9 years (2008)


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The Gambia (Banjul):


GPS points from The Gambia (Banjul)

Kataba North Bank Division

Somitta Western Division

Fajara City Of Banjul

Jinak North Bank Division

Palaka Central River Division

Njai Kunda Central River Division

Sololo Central River Division

Kandong Bolon Western Division




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