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Originally settled by Polynesian emigrants from surrounding island groups, the Tokelau Islands were made a British protectorate in 1889. They were transferred to New Zealand administration in 1925. Referenda held in 2006 and 2007 to change the status of the islands from that of a New Zealand territory to one of free association with New Zealand did not meet the needed threshold for approval.


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Geography

Location
Oceania, group of three atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

Geographic coordinates
9 00 S, 172 00 W

Map references
Oceania

Area World Ranking: 241
Total 12 sq km
Land 12 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
About 17 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
101 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone 200 nm

Climate
Tropical; moderated by trade winds (April to November)

Terrain
Low-lying coral atolls enclosing large lagoons

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point Unnamed location 5 m

Natural resources
NEGL

Land use
Arable land
0% (soil is thin and infertile)
Permanent crops 0%
Other 100% (2005)

Irrigated land
NA

Natural hazards
Lies in Pacific typhoon belt

Environment - current issues
Limited natural resources and overcrowding are contributing to emigration to New Zealand

Geography - note
Consists of three atolls (Atafu, Fakaofo, Nukunonu), each with a lagoon surrounded by a number of reef-bound islets of varying length and rising to over 3 m above sea level


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Tokelau [ New Zealand ] (New Zealand):




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