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North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. A southern secessionist movement in 1994 was quickly subdued. In 2000, Saudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to a delimitation of their border. Fighting in the northwest between the government and Huthi rebels, a group seeking a return to traditional Zaydi Islam, began in 2004 and has since resulted in six rounds of fighting - the last ended in early 2010 with a ceasefire that continues to hold. The southern secessionist movement was revitalized in 2008 when a popular socioeconomic protest movement initiated the prior year took on political goals including secession. Public rallies in Sana'a against President SALIH - inspired by similar demonstrations in Tunisia and Egypt - slowly built momentum starting in late January 2011 fueled by complaints over high unemployment, poor economic conditions, and corruption. By the following month, some protests had resulted in violence, and the demonstrations had spread to other major cities. By March the opposition had hardened its demands and was unifying behind calls for SALIH's immediate ouster. The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in late April 2011, in an attempt to mediate the crisis in Yemen, proposed an agreement in which the president would step down in exchange for immunity from prosecution. SALIH's refusal to sign an agreement led to heavy street fighting and his injury in an explosion in June 2011. The UN Security Council passed Resolution 2014 in October 2011 calling on both sides to end the violence and complete a power transfer deal. In late November 2011, President SALIH signed the GCC-brokered agreement to step down and to transfer some of his powers to Vice President Abd al-Rabuh Mansur HADI. Following elections in February 2012, won by HADI, SALIH formally transferred his powers.


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Airports World Ranking: 84
57 (2012)

Airports - with paved runways
Total 17
Over 3,047 m 4
2,438 to 3,047 m 9
1,524 to 2,437 m 3
914 to 1,523 m 1 (2012)

Airports - with unpaved runways
Total 40
Over 3,047 m 3
2,438 to 3,047 m 5
1,524 to 2,437 m 7
914 to 1,523 m 16
Under 914 m 9 (2012)

Gas 423 km; liquid petroleum gas 22 km; oil 1,367 km (2010)

Roadways World Ranking: 66
Total 71,300 km
Paved 6,200 km
Unpaved 65,100 km (2005)

Merchant marine World Ranking: 126
Total 5
By type
Chemical tanker 2, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 1
Registered in other countries
14 (Moldova 4, Panama 4, Sierra Leone 2, Togo 1, unknown 3) (2010)

Ports and terminals
Aden, Al Hudaydah, Al Mukalla

Transportation - note
The International Maritime Bureau reports offshore waters in the Gulf of Aden are high risk for piracy; numerous vessels, including commercial shipping and pleasure craft, have been attacked and hijacked both at anchor and while underway; crew, passengers, and cargo are held for ransom; the presence of several naval task forces in the Gulf of Aden and additional anti-piracy measures on the part of ship operators reduced the incidence of piracy in that body of water by more than half in 2010


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Yemen (Sanaa):
Country Flag
Country Locator

GPS points from Yemen (Sanaa)

square Jabal Shi`b Salim Muhafazat Shabwah

square Jabal Al Hammaliyah Muhafazat Lahij

square Wadi Naqah Muhafazat Hadramawt

square Mahall Ahmad Muhammad Muhafazat Al Hudaydah

square Al Miqsab Al Udaydah

square Najd Al Hajar Muhafazat Ibb

square Wadi Fuhayri Muhafazat Al Mahrah

square Jabal Umm Jimar Muhafazat Ma'rib

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