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Named after Captain COOK, who sighted them in 1770, the islands became a British protectorate in 1888. By 1900, administrative control was transferred to New Zealand; in 1965, residents chose self-government in free association with New Zealand. The emigration of skilled workers to New Zealand and government deficits are continuing problems.


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Geography

Location
Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand

Geographic coordinates
21 14 S, 159 46 W

Map references
Oceania

Area World Ranking: 214
Total 236 sq km
Land 236 sq km
Water 0 sq km

Area - comparative
1.3 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
120 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone 200 nm
Continental shelf
200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate
Tropical oceanic; moderated by trade winds; a dry season from April to November and a more humid season from December to March

Terrain
Low coral atolls in north; volcanic, hilly islands in south

Elevation extremes
Lowest point Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point Te Manga 652 m

Natural resources
NEGL

Land use
Arable land 16.67%
Permanent crops 8.33%
Other 75% (2005)

Irrigated land
NA

Natural hazards
Typhoons (November to March)

Environment - current issues
NA

Environment - international agreements
Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

Geography - note
The northern Cook Islands are seven low-lying, sparsely populated, coral atolls; the southern Cook Islands, where most of the population lives, consist of eight elevated, fertile, volcanic isles, including the largest, Rarotonga, at 67 sq km


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  Cook Islands [ New Zealand ] (Free Association):


  GPS points from Cook Islands [ New Zealand ] (Free Association)

Motikitiu Cook Islands (general)

Akapuau Creek Cook Islands (general)

Makeeatta Cook Islands (general)

Tevahavaha Cook Islands (general)

Teraamanga Cook Islands (general)

Oneroa Cook Islands (general)

Tepari Cook Islands (general)

Auotu Cook Islands (general)




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