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Close ties to France since independence in 1960, the development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment made Cote d'Ivoire one of the most prosperous of the West African states but did not protect it from political turmoil. In December 1999, a military coup - the first ever in Cote d'Ivoire's history - overthrew the government. Junta leader Robert GUEI blatantly rigged elections held in late 2000 and declared himself the winner. Popular protest forced him to step aside and brought Laurent GBAGBO into power. Ivorian dissidents and disaffected members of the military launched a failed coup attempt in September 2002. Rebel forces claimed the northern half of the country, and in January 2003 were granted ministerial positions in a unity government under the auspices of the Linas-Marcoussis Peace Accord. President GBAGBO and rebel forces resumed implementation of the peace accord in December 2003 after a three-month stalemate, but issues that sparked the civil war, such as land reform and grounds for citizenship, remained unresolved. In March 2007 President GBAGBO and former New Forces rebel leader Guillaume SORO signed the Ouagadougou Political Agreement. As a result of the agreement, SORO joined GBAGBO's government as Prime Minister and the two agreed to reunite the country by dismantling the zone of confidence separating North from South, integrate rebel forces into the national armed forces, and hold elections. Disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration of rebel forces have been problematic as rebels seek to enter the armed forces. Citizen identification and voter registration pose election difficulties, and balloting planned for November 2009 was postponed to 2010. On 28 November 2010, Alassane Dramane OUATTARA won the presidential election, defeating then President Laurent GBAGBO. GBAGBO refused to hand over power, resulting in a five-month stand-off. In April 2011, after widespread fighting, GBAGBO was formally forced from office by armed OUATTARA supporters with the help of UN and French forces. Several thousand UN peacekeepers and several hundred French troops remain in Cote d'Ivoire to support the transition process.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Ivoirian(s)
Adjective Ivoirian

Ethnic groups
Akan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 130,000 Lebanese and 14,000 French) (1998)

Languages
French (official), 60 native dialects of which Dioula is the most widely spoken

Religions
Muslim 38.6%, Christian 32.8%, indigenous 11.9%, none 16.7% (2008 est.)
Note
The majority of foreigners (migratory workers) are Muslim (70%) and Christian (20%)

Population World Ranking: 55
21,952,093 (July 2012 est.)
Note
Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years
39.8% (male 4,312,133/female 4,240,500)
15-64 years
57.2% (male 6,262,802/female 6,039,458)
65 years and over
3% (male 320,396/female 328,873) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 19.8 years
Male 19.9 years
Female 19.7 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 46
2.044% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 42
30.4 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 54
9.96 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 83
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 51% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
3.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
ABIDJAN (seat of government) 4.009 million; YAMOUSSOUKRO (capital) 808,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.96 male(s)/female
Total population
1.03 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 26
400 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 24
Total 63.2 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 69.77 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
56.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 194
Total population 57.25 years
Male 56.21 years
Female 58.33 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 43
3.82 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 137
5.1% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.144 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density
0.4 beds/1,000 population (2006)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 19
3.4% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 16
450,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 12
36,000 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk Very high
Food or waterborne diseases
Bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne diseases Malaria and yellow fever
Water contact Schistosomiasis
Animal contact disease Rabies
Note
Highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 47
16.7% (2006)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 76
4.6% of GDP (2008)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 56.2%
Male 65.2%
Female 46.6% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 6 years
Male 8 years
Female 5 years (2000)


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  Cote D Ivoire (Yamoussoukro):


  GPS points from Cote D Ivoire (Yamoussoukro)

Guennde Cote D Ivoire (general)

Mont Fenede Cote D Ivoire (general)

Banonon Cote D Ivoire (general)

Nafon (iv21)

Benguebougou Cote D Ivoire (general)

Falomandougou Cote D Ivoire (general)

Traonfla Cote D Ivoire (general)

Diarabala (iv25)




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