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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

Economy

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Military


Finland was a province and then a grand duchy under Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries, and an autonomous grand duchy of Russia after 1809. It won its complete independence in 1917. During World War II, it was able to successfully defend its freedom and resist invasions by the Soviet Union - albeit with some loss of territory. In the subsequent half century, the Finns made a remarkable transformation from a farm/forest economy to a diversified modern industrial economy; per capita income is now among the highest in Western Europe. A member of the European Union since 1995, Finland was the only Nordic state to join the euro system at its initiation in January 1999. In the 21st century, the key features of Finland's modern welfare state are a high standard of education, equality promotion, and national social security system - currently challenged by an aging population and the fluctuations of an export-driven economy.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 70
1.25 million (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 80
8.39 million (2009)

Telephone system
General assessment
Modern system with excellent service
Domestic
Digital fiber-optic fixed-line network and an extensive mobile-cellular network provide domestic needs
International
Country code - 358; submarine cables provide links to Estonia and Sweden; satellite earth stations - access to Intelsat transmission service via a Swedish satellite earth station, 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Indian Ocean regions); note - Finland shares the Inmarsat earth station with the other Nordic countries (Denmark, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden)

Broadcast media
A mix of publicly-operated TV stations and privately-owned TV stations; the 2 publicly-owned TV stations recently expanded services and the largest private TV station has introduced several special-interest pay-TV channels; cable and satellite multi-channel subscription services are available; all TV signals have been broadcast digitally since September 2007; analog broadcasts via cable networks were terminated in February 2008; public broadcasting maintains a network of 13 national and 25 regional radio stations; a large number of private radio broadcasters (2008)

Internet country code
.fi; note - Aland Islands assigned .ax

Internet hosts World Ranking: 22
4.7 million (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 55
4.393 million (2009)


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  Finland (Helsinki):


  GPS points from Finland (Helsinki)

Lantomaki Oulu

Loytola Oulu

Vatia Province Of Western Finland

Pohjoismaenpaa Province Of Western Finland

Siltakylanjoki Southern Finland

Varttiovaara Lapland

Sarkila Province Of Western Finland

Ruokotaipale Province Of Eastern Finland




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