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Strategically important, Gibraltar was reluctantly ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony in 1830. In a referendum held in 1967, Gibraltarians voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency. The subsequent granting of autonomy in 1969 by the UK led to Spain closing the border and severing all communication links. Between 1997 and 2002, the UK and Spain held a series of talks on establishing temporary joint sovereignty over Gibraltar. In response to these talks, the Gibraltar Government called a referendum in late 2002 in which the majority of citizens voted overwhelmingly against any sharing of sovereignty with Spain. Since late 2004, Spain, the UK, and Gibraltar have held tripartite talks with the aim of cooperatively resolving problems that affect the local population, and work continues on cooperation agreements in areas such as taxation and financial services; communications and maritime security; policy, legal and customs services; environmental protection; and education and visa services. Throughout 2009, a dispute over Gibraltar's claim to territorial waters extending out three miles gave rise to periodic non-violent maritime confrontations between Spanish and UK naval patrols. A new noncolonial constitution came into effect in 2007, and the European Court of First Instance recognized Gibraltar's right to regulate its own tax regime in December 2008. The UK retains responsibility for defense, foreign relations, internal security, and financial stability.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Gibraltarian(s)
Adjective Gibraltar

Ethnic groups
Spanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese, German, North Africans

Languages
English (used in schools and for official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese

Religions
Roman Catholic 78.1%, Church of England 7%, other Christian 3.2%, Muslim 4%, Jewish 2.1%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 0.9%, none 2.9% (2001 census)

Population World Ranking: 217
29,034 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
20.4% (male 3,040/female 2,862)
15-64 years
65.8% (male 9,607/female 9,451)
65 years and over
13.8% (male 1,934/female 2,062) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 33.6 years
Male 32.7 years
Female 34.6 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 169
0.265% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 142
14.22 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 91
8.27 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 177
-3.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population
100% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
0.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.07 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.95 male(s)/female
Total population
1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 166
Total 6.55 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 7.29 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
5.76 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 47
Total population 78.83 years
Male 75.99 years
Female 81.87 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 134
1.94 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate
NA

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
NA

Hiv/aids - deaths
NA

Education expenditures
NA

Literacy
Definition NA
Total population Above 80%
Male NA
Female NA


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  Gibraltar [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory):


  GPS points from Gibraltar [ United Kingdom ] (Overseas Territory)

Parson's Lodge Battery Gibraltar (general)

Europa Advance Battery Gibraltar (general)

Baluarte Jumper Del Norte Gibraltar (general)

Grand Casemate Square Gibraltar (general)

Waterport Wharf Gibraltar (general)

Shirley Cove Gibraltar (general)

Caledonian Canal Gibraltar (general)

Buffadero Battery Gibraltar (general)




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