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Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941-44); fighting endured in a protracted civil war between supporters of the king and other anti-Communists and Communist rebels. Following the latter's defeat in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952. In 1967, a group of military officers seized power, establishing a military dictatorship that suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. In 1974, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. In 1981, Greece joined the EC (now the EU); it became the 12th member of the European Economic and Monetary Union in 2001. In 2010, the prospect of a Greek default on its euro-denominated debt created severe strains within the EMU and raised the question of whether a member country might voluntarily leave the common currency or be removed.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 29
5.685 million (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 61
12.128 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Adequate, modern networks reach all areas; good mobile telephone and international service
Domestic
Microwave radio relay trunk system; extensive open-wire connections; submarine cable to offshore islands
International
Country code - 30; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical telecommunications submarine cable that provides links to Europe, Middle East, and Asia; a number of smaller submarine cables provide connectivity to various parts of Europe, the Middle East, and Cyprus; tropospheric scatter; satellite earth stations - 4 (2 Intelsat - 1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean, 1 Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat - Indian Ocean region)

Broadcast media
Broadcast media dominated by the private sector; roughly 150 private TV channels, about a dozen of the private channels broadcast at the national or regional level; 3 publicly-owned terrestrial TV channels with national coverage, 1 publicly-owned satellite channel, and 3 stations designed for digital terrestrial transmissions; multi-channel satellite and cable TV services available; upwards of 1,500 radio stations, nearly all of them privately-owned; state-run broadcaster has 7 national stations, 2 international stations, and 19 regional stations (2007)

Internet country code
.gr

Internet hosts World Ranking: 32
3.115 million (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 46
4.971 million (2009)


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  Greece (Athens):


  GPS points from Greece (Athens)

Kitta Greece (general)

Varvovo Greece (general)

Nea Selefkeia Epirus

Roumbadho Crete

Megali Vrisi Crete

Kardhia Greece (general)

Strongilovouni Greece (general)

Kondaki Point North Aegean




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