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Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage. Since then, the economy has slowly rebounded.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Honduran(s)
Adjective Honduran

Ethnic groups
Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%

Languages
Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects

Religions
Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%

Population World Ranking: 93
8,296,693 (July 2012 est.)
Note
Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years
36.7% (male 1,528,271/female 1,464,428)
15-64 years
59.5% (male 2,431,607/female 2,412,951)
65 years and over
3.8% (male 136,035/female 170,272) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 21.3 years
Male 21 years
Female 21.7 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 64
1.838% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 61
24.66 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 182
5.05 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 155
-1.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 52% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
3.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
TEGUCIGALPA (capital) 1 million (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.79 male(s)/female
Total population
1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 72
100 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 97
Total 19.85 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 22.47 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
17.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 145
Total population 70.71 years
Male 69.03 years
Female 72.47 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 62
3.01 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 71
7.3% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.57 physicians/1,000 population (2000)

Hospital bed density
0.8 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 57
0.8% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 62
39,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 51
2,500 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk High
Food or waterborne diseases
Bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne diseases Dengue fever and malaria
Water contact disease Leptospirosis (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 70
8.6% (2006)

Education expenditures
NA

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 80%
Male 79.8%
Female 80.2% (2001 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 11 years
Male 11 years
Female 12 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 117
Total 7%
Male 5.2%
Female 11.2% (2005)


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  Honduras (Tegucigalpa):


  GPS points from Honduras (Tegucigalpa)

Rio Layasicsa Departamento De Gracias A Dios

Laborcita Departamento De Ocotepeque

Jaril Departamento De Lempira

El Agua Caliente Departamento De Lempira

Lemanal Departamento De Lempira

Berberias Departamento De Olancho

Cerro La Loma Departmento De Francisco Morazan

Gobernador Departamento De Gracias A Dios




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