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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

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Government

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Military


In 1603, after decades of civil warfare, the Tokugawa shogunate (a military-led, dynastic government) ushered in a long period of relative political stability and isolation from foreign influence. For more than two centuries this policy enabled Japan to enjoy a flowering of its indigenous culture. Japan opened its ports after signing the Treaty of Kanagawa with the US in 1854 and began to intensively modernize and industrialize. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Japan became a regional power that was able to defeat the forces of both China and Russia. It occupied Korea, Formosa (Taiwan), and southern Sakhalin Island. In 1931-32 Japan occupied Manchuria, and in 1937 it launched a full-scale invasion of China. Japan attacked US forces in 1941 - triggering America's entry into World War II - and soon occupied much of East and Southeast Asia. After its defeat in World War II, Japan recovered to become an economic power and an ally of the US. While the emperor retains his throne as a symbol of national unity, elected politicians hold actual decision-making power. Following three decades of unprecedented growth, Japan's economy experienced a major slowdown starting in the 1990s, but the country remains a major economic power. In March 2011, Japan's strongest-ever earthquake, and an accompanying tsunami, devastated the northeast part of Honshu island, killing thousands and damaging several nuclear power plants. The catastrophe hobbled the country's economy and its energy infrastructure, and tested its ability to deal with humanitarian disasters.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 5
40.419 million (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 8
121 million (2009)

Telephone system
General assessment
Excellent domestic and international service
Domestic
High level of modern technology and excellent service of every kind
International
Country code - 81; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Asia, Australia, the Middle East, Europe, and US; satellite earth stations - 7 Intelsat (Pacific and Indian Oceans), 1 Intersputnik (Indian Ocean region), 3 Inmarsat (Pacific and Indian Ocean regions), and 8 SkyPerfect JSAT (2008)

Broadcast media
A mixture of public and commercial broadcast TV and radio stations; 5 national terrestrial TV networks including 1 public broadcaster; the large number of radio and TV stations available provide a wide range of choices; satellite and cable services provide access to international channels (2008)

Internet country code
.jp

Internet hosts World Ranking: 2
63.466 million (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 3
99.182 million (2009)


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  Japan (Tokyo):


  GPS points from Japan (Tokyo)

Torisu Saga-ken

Miyada-mura Japan (general)

Otsu Japan (general)

Furuhira-machi Hokkaido

Mae-kawa Japan (general)

Osorakan-yama Japan (general)

Wajima-machi Japan (general)

Katuura Akita-ken




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