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Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of its wealthiest colony of Brazil in 1822. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986. In January 2011, Portugal assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2011-12 term.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun
Portuguese (singular and plural)
Adjective Portuguese

Ethnic groups
Homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal

Languages
Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)

Religions
Roman Catholic 84.5%, other Christian 2.2%, other 0.3%, unknown 9%, none 3.9% (2001 census)

Population World Ranking: 77
10,781,459 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
16.2% (male 910,012/female 835,025)
15-64 years
65.8% (male 3,539,457/female 3,541,989)
65 years and over
18% (male 791,950/female 1,141,872) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 40.4 years
Male 38.3 years
Female 42.6 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 178
0.181% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 195
9.76 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 41
10.86 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 28
2.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 61% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
LISBON (capital) 2.808 million; Porto 1.344 million (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.07 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.09 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.69 male(s)/female
Total population
0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 163
8 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 187
Total 4.6 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 5.04 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
4.12 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 49
Total population 78.7 years
Male 75.45 years
Female 82.16 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 187
1.51 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 17
11.3% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
3.755 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Hospital bed density
3.37 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 63
0.6% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 60
42,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 96
Fewer than 500 (2009 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 40
14.2% (2005)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 88
4.4% of GDP (2008)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 95.2%
Male 96.9%
Female 93.6% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 16 years
Male 16 years
Female 16 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 58
Total 20%
Male 18.6%
Female 21.6% (2009)


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  Portugal (Lisbon):


  GPS points from Portugal (Lisbon)

Ribeiro Da Rabaca Distrito De Portalegre

Canada Ferradosa Braganca

Arnozela Distrito De Braga

Reguengo Distrito De Evora

Figueirinha Distrito De Faro

Breia Distrito De Viana Do Castelo

Portela Aveiro

Piedade Distrito De Braga




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