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Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of its wealthiest colony of Brazil in 1822. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986. In January 2011, Portugal assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2011-12 term.


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Transportation

Airports World Ranking: 78
65 (2012)

Airports - with paved runways
Total 43
Over 3,047 m 5
2,438 to 3,047 m 7
1,524 to 2,437 m 8
914 to 1,523 m 13
Under 914 m 10 (2012)

Airports - with unpaved runways
Total 22
914 to 1,523 m 1
Under 914 m 21 (2012)

Pipelines
Gas 1,307 km; oil 11 km; refined products 188 km (2010)

Railways World Ranking: 53
Total 3,319 km
Broad gauge
2,700 km 1.668-m gauge (1,436 km electrified)
Narrow gauge
192 km 1.000-m gauge; 427 km 0.760-m gauge (2008)

Roadways World Ranking: 56
Total 82,900 km
Paved
71,294 km (includes 2,613 km of expressways)
Unpaved 11,606 km (2008)

Waterways World Ranking: 96
210 km (on Douro River from Porto) (2011)

Merchant marine World Ranking: 48
Total 109
By type
Bulk carrier 8, cargo 35, carrier 1, chemical tanker 21, container 7, liquefied gas 6, passenger 13, passenger/cargo 5, petroleum tanker 3, roll on/roll off 1, vehicle carrier 9
Foreign-owned
81 (Belgium 8, Colombia 1, Denmark 4, Germany 14, Greece 2, Italy 12, Japan 9, Mexico 1, Norway 2, Spain 18, Sweden 3, Switzerland 3, US 4)
Registered in other countries
15 (Cyprus 2, Malta 3, Panama 10) (2010)

Ports and terminals
Leixoes, Lisbon, Setubal, Sines


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  Portugal (Lisbon):


  GPS points from Portugal (Lisbon)

Sao Tiago De Custoias Distrito Do Porto

Cacarelhos Braganca

Carrecos Distrito De Viana Do Castelo

Sao Gregorio Distrito De Evora

Cegonheira Distrito De Coimbra

Ribeira Do Cantinho Regiao Autonoma Da Madeira

Marcolos Portalegre

Moita Distrito De Leiria




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