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People and Society






The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971, six of these states - Abu Zaby, 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were joined in 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE's per capita GDP is on par with those of leading West European nations. Its generosity with oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role in the affairs of the region. For more than three decades, oil and global finance drove the UAE's economy. However, in 2008-09, the confluence of falling oil prices, collapsing real estate prices, and the international banking crisis hit the UAE especially hard. In March 2011, about 100 Emirati activists and intellectuals posted on the Internet and sent to the government a petition calling for greater political reform, including the establishment of a parliament with full legislative powers and the further expansion of the electorate and the rights of the Federal National Council (FNC), the UAE's quasi-legislature. In an effort to stem further unrest, the government announced a multi-year, $1.6-billion infrastructure investment plan for the poorer northern Emirates. In late September 2011, an FNC election - in which voting was expanded from 6,600 voters to about 12 percent of the Emirati population - was held for half of the FNC seats. The other half are appointed by the rulers of the Emirates.


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People And Society

Noun Emirati(s)
Adjective Emirati

Ethnic groups
Emirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)
Less than 20% are UAE citizens (1982)

Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu

Muslim (Islam - official) 96% (Shia 16%), other (includes Christian, Hindu) 4%

Population World Ranking: 115
5,314,317 (July 2012 est.)
Estimate is based on the results of the 2005 census that included a significantly higher estimate of net immigration of non-citizens than previous estimates

Age structure
0-14 years
20.4% (male 537,925/female 513,572)
15-64 years
78.7% (male 2,968,958/female 1,080,717)
65 years and over
0.9% (male 30,446/female 17,046)
73.9% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 30.2 years
Male 32.1 years
Female 25 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 10
3.055% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 129
15.76 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 222
2.04 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 5
16.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urban population 84% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
2.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
ABU DHABI (capital) 666,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years 2.75 male(s)/female
65 years and over 1.77 male(s)/female
Total population
2.19 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 148
12 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 135
Total 11.59 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 13.54 deaths/1,000 live births
9.55 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 71
Total population 76.71 years
Male 74.12 years
Female 79.42 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 92
2.38 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 181
2.8% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
1.93 physicians/1,000 population (2007)

Hospital bed density
1.9 beds/1,000 population (2008)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 103
0.2% (2001 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids

Hiv/aids - deaths

Obesity - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 7
33.7% (2000)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 162
1.2% of GDP (2009)

Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 77.9%
Male 76.1%
Female 81.7% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 13 years
Male 13 years
Female 14 years (2009)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 90
Total 12.1%
Male 7.9%
Female 21.8% (2008)


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  United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi):

  GPS points from United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi)

Huwaylat Ra's Al Khaymah

Jabal Bu Shukhakhayt Ra's Al Khaymah

Dawlat Ittihad Al Imarat Al `arabiyah United Arab Emirates (general)

Rig Al Halj Abu Zaby

Shamis Abu Zaby

Ras Khudeiriyah Abu Zaby

Bu Al Jirdan Abu Zaby

Tawi Al Qaran Umm Al Qaywayn
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