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People and Society






Angola is rebuilding its country after the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but fighting picked up again by 1996. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - in the quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA's insurgency and strengthened the MPLA's hold on power. President DOS SANTOS held legislative elections in September 2008 and, despite promising to hold presidential elections in 2009, has since pushed through a new constitution that calls for elections in 2012.


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People And Society

Noun Angolan(s)
Adjective Angolan

Ethnic groups
Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%

Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages

Indigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 est.)

Population World Ranking: 59
18,056,072 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
43.2% (male 2,910,981/female 2,856,527)
15-64 years
54.1% (male 3,663,400/female 3,549,896)
65 years and over
2.7% (male 157,778/female 199,959) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 17.7 years
Male 17.5 years
Female 17.9 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 16
2.784% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 11
39.36 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 28
12.06 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 61
0.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urban population 59% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
LUANDA (capital) 4.511 million; Huambo 979,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.86 male(s)/female
Total population
1.02 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 24
450 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 8
Total 83.53 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 87.39 deaths/1,000 live births
79.47 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 201
Total population 54.59 years
Male 53.49 years
Female 55.73 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 10
5.54 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 146
4.6% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.08 physicians/1,000 population (2004)

Hospital bed density
0.8 beds/1,000 population (2005)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 30
2% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 27
200,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 26
11,000 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk Very high
Food or waterborne diseases
Bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever
Vectorborne diseases
Malaria, African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)
Water contact disease Schistosomiasis (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 23
27.5% (2001)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 147
2.6% of GDP (2006)

Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 70.1%
Male 82.7%
Female 58.1% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 9 years (2006)


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  Angola (Luanda):

  GPS points from Angola (Luanda)

Vila Henrique De Carvalho Provincia Da Lunda Sul

Fazenda Boa Esperanca Provincia Do Bengo

Candele Provincia Do Cuanza Sul

Luege Provincia Do Cuanza Norte

Chizaje Provincia De Cabinda

Catanda Provincia Do Huambo

Restauracao Provincia De Namibe

Apupa Provincia Do Huambo
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