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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

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People and Society

Government

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Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession of the east coast in the name of Great Britain (all of Australia was claimed as British territory in 1829 with the creation of the colony of Western Australia). Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD's fastest growing economies during the 1990s, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s. Long-term concerns include ageing of the population, pressure on infrastructure, and environmental issues such as frequent droughts.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 20
10.54 million (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 40
24.49 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Excellent domestic and international service
Domestic
Domestic satellite system; significant use of radiotelephone in areas of low population density; rapid growth of mobile telephones
International
Country code - 61; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical telecommunications submarine cable with links to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; the Southern Cross fiber optic submarine cable provides links to New Zealand and the United States; satellite earth stations - 19 (10 Intelsat - 4 Indian Ocean and 6 Pacific Ocean, 2 Inmarsat - Indian and Pacific Ocean regions, 2 Globalstar, 5 other) (2007)

Broadcast media
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) runs multiple national and local radio networks and TV stations, as well as Australia Network, a TV service that broadcasts throughout the Asia-Pacific region and is the main public broadcaster; Special Broadcasting Service (SBS), a second large public broadcaster, operates radio and TV networks broadcasting in multiple languages; several large national commercial TV networks, a large number of local commercial TV stations, and hundreds of commercial radio stations are accessible; cable and satellite systems are available (2008)

Internet country code
.au

Internet hosts World Ranking: 7
16.952 million (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 25
15.81 million (2009)


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  Australia (Canberra):


  GPS points from Australia (Canberra)

Freshwater Creek Queensland

Hendon Queensland

Mount Byerley Queensland

Back Creek Queensland

Mount Egmont Queensland

Peecharra South Australia

Boodarrie Landing Western Australia

Right Branch Mccarrs Creek New South Wales




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