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Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria's independence, and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country's "perpetual neutrality" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the European Union in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.


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Transportation

Airports World Ranking: 91
52 (2012)

Airports - with paved runways
Total 24
Over 3,047 m 1
2,438 to 3,047 m 5
1,524 to 2,437 m 1
914 to 1,523 m 4
Under 914 m 13 (2012)

Airports - with unpaved runways
Total 28
1,524 to 2,437 m 1
914 to 1,523 m 3
Under 914 m 24 (2012)

Heliports
1 (2012)

Pipelines
Gas 3,028 km; oil 663 km; refined products 157 km (2010)

Railways World Ranking: 29
Total 6,399 km
Standard gauge
5,927 km 1.435-m gauge (3,853 km electrified)
Narrow gauge
384 km 1.000-m gauge (15 km electrified); 88 km 0.760-m gauge (10 km electrified) (2008)

Roadways World Ranking: 40
Total 110,778 km
Paved
110,778 km (includes 1,696 km of expressways) (2006)

Waterways World Ranking: 90
358 km (2011)

Merchant marine World Ranking: 134
Registered in other countries
3 (Cyprus 1, Kazakhstan 1, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1) (2010)

Ports and terminals
Enns, Krems, Linz, Vienna


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  Austria (Vienna):


  GPS points from Austria (Vienna)

Hutt Styria


Brunn An Der Erlauf Lower Austria

Siegersdorf Lower Austria

Hackl Salzburg

Grabner-heimalm Salzburg

Tiefenbacher Styria

Sandfeld Lower Austria




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