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Belgium became independent from the Netherlands in 1830; it was occupied by Germany during World Wars I and II. The country prospered in the past half century as a modern, technologically advanced European state and member of NATO and the EU. Tensions between the Dutch-speaking Flemings of the north and the French-speaking Walloons of the south have led in recent years to constitutional amendments granting these regions formal recognition and autonomy.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Belgian(s)
Adjective Belgian

Ethnic groups
Fleming 58%, Walloon 31%, mixed or other 11%

Languages
Dutch (official) 60%, French (official) 40%, German (official) less than 1%, legally bilingual (Dutch and French)

Religions
Roman Catholic 75%, other (includes Protestant) 25%

Population World Ranking: 82
10,438,353 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
15.9% (male 846,706/female 812,486)
15-64 years
66.1% (male 3,475,404/female 3,416,060)
65 years and over
18% (male 783,895/female 1,096,926) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 42.6 years
Male 41.2 years
Female 43.9 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 184
0.061% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 191
10.03 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 45
10.63 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 50
1.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 97% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
0.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
BRUSSELS (capital) 1.892 million; Antwerp 961,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.04 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.72 male(s)/female
Total population
0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 158
8 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 193
Total 4.28 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 4.79 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
3.74 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 38
Total population 79.65 years
Male 76.49 years
Female 82.95 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 174
1.65 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 12
11.8% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
2.987 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density
6.6 beds/1,000 population (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 105
0.2% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 86
14,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 147
Fewer than 100 (2009 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 54
10.8% (2001)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 29
6% of GDP (2007)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 99%
Male 99%
Female 99% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 16 years
Male 16 years
Female 16 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 World Ranking: 46
Total 21.9%
Male 21.5%
Female 22.5% (2009)


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  Belgium (Brussels):


  GPS points from Belgium (Brussels)

Wuestwezel Antwerpen

Bloed Putteken Flanders

Vieux Moulin Hainaut

Klemskerke West-vlaanderen

Misbourg Walloon Region

Massemen Flanders

Bois De Nauwe Hainaut

Rooienberghoef Flanders




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