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Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simon BOLIVAR, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825; much of its subsequent history has consisted of a series of nearly 200 coups and countercoups. Democratic civilian rule was established in 1982, but leaders have faced difficult problems of deep-seated poverty, social unrest, and illegal drug production. In December 2005, Bolivians elected Movement Toward Socialism leader Evo MORALES president - by the widest margin of any leader since the restoration of civilian rule in 1982 - after he ran on a promise to change the country's traditional political class and empower the nation's poor, indigenous majority. However, since taking office, his controversial strategies have exacerbated racial and economic tensions between the Amerindian populations of the Andean west and the non-indigenous communities of the eastern lowlands. In December 2009, President MORALES easily won reelection, and his party took control of the legislative branch of the government, which will allow him to continue his process of change. In October 2011, the country held its first judicial elections to appoint judges to the four highest courts.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 85
879,800 (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 81
8.353 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Bolivian National Telecommunications Company was privatized in 1995 but re-nationalized in 2007; the primary trunk system is being expanded and employs digital microwave radio relay; some areas are served by fiber-optic cable; system operations, reliability, and coverage have steadily improved.
Domestic
Most telephones are concentrated in La Paz, Santa Cruz, and other capital cities; mobile-cellular telephone use expanding rapidly and, in 2011, teledensity reached about 80 per 100 persons
International
Country code - 591; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)

Broadcast media
Large number of radio and TV stations broadcasting with private media outlets dominating; state-owned and private radio and TV stations generally operating freely, although both pro-government and anti-government groups have attacked media outlets in response to their reporting (2010)

Internet country code
.bo

Internet hosts World Ranking: 74
167,769 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 95
1.103 million (2009)


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  Bolivia (Sucre):


  GPS points from Bolivia (Sucre)

Estanzuelas Departamento De Cochabamba

Rio Almona Departamento De Potosi

Rio Salinas Departamento De Potosi

Cerro Tiwacani Departamento De Potosi


Estancia Carapiri Departamento De Cochabamba

Tunkichapi Departamento De La Paz

Uyuni Departamento De Potosi




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