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Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simon BOLIVAR, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825; much of its subsequent history has consisted of a series of nearly 200 coups and countercoups. Democratic civilian rule was established in 1982, but leaders have faced difficult problems of deep-seated poverty, social unrest, and illegal drug production. In December 2005, Bolivians elected Movement Toward Socialism leader Evo MORALES president - by the widest margin of any leader since the restoration of civilian rule in 1982 - after he ran on a promise to change the country's traditional political class and empower the nation's poor, indigenous majority. However, since taking office, his controversial strategies have exacerbated racial and economic tensions between the Amerindian populations of the Andean west and the non-indigenous communities of the eastern lowlands. In December 2009, President MORALES easily won reelection, and his party took control of the legislative branch of the government, which will allow him to continue his process of change. In October 2011, the country held its first judicial elections to appoint judges to the four highest courts.


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Military

Military branches
Bolivian Armed Forces: Bolivian Army (Ejercito Boliviano, EB), Bolivian Naval Force (Fuerza Naval Boliviana, FNB; includes Marines), Bolivian Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Boliviana, FAB) (2011)

Military service age and obligation
18-49 years of age for 12-month compulsory male and female military service; when annual number of volunteers falls short of goal, compulsory recruitment is effected, including conscription of boys as young as 14; 15-19 years of age for voluntary premilitary service, provides exemption from further military service (2011)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 2,472,490
Females age 16-49 2,535,768 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 1,762,260
Females age 16-49 2,013,281 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 108,334
Female 104,945 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 111
1.3% of GDP (2009)


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  Bolivia (Sucre):


  GPS points from Bolivia (Sucre)

Quebrada De Cienega Departamento De Potosi

Torres Departamento De Potosi

Laguna Tucuaqui Departamento De Potosi

Puente Chojcalaca Departamento De La Paz

Timuse Departamento De La Paz

Sidras Departamento De Chuquisaca

Rio Isarsama Departamento De Cochabamba

Tamarinero Departamento De Santa Cruz




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