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Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office, triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200,000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees in neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 paved the way for a transition process that led to an integrated defense force, established a new constitution in 2005, and elected a majority Hutu government in 2005. The government of President Pierre NKURUNZIZA, who was reelected in 2010, continues to face many political and economic challenges.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Burundian(s)
Adjective Burundian

Ethnic groups
Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000

Languages
Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)

Religions
Christian 67% (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%), indigenous beliefs 23%, Muslim 10%

Population World Ranking: 81
10,557,259 (July 2012 est.)
Note
Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years
46% (male 2,360,214/female 2,335,541)
15-64 years
51.6% (male 2,598,011/female 2,669,376)
65 years and over
2.5% (male 101,207/female 151,841) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 17 years
Male 16.6 years
Female 17.3 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 8
3.104% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 8
40.58 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 60
9.36 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 121
-0.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 11% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
4.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
BUJUMBURA (capital) 455,000 (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.67 male(s)/female
Total population
0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 5
800 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 28
Total 60.32 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 64.85 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
55.67 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 190
Total population 59.24 years
Male 57.52 years
Female 61.02 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 5
6.08 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 7
13.1% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.03 physicians/1,000 population (2004)

Hospital bed density
0.73 beds/1,000 population (2006)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 21
3.3% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 29
180,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 19
15,000 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk Very high
Food or waterborne diseases
Bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease Malaria
Water contact disease Schistosomiasis
Animal contact disease Rabies (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 6
38.9% (2000)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 10
8.3% of GDP (2009)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 67.2%
Male 72.9%
Female 61.8% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 10 years
Male 9 years
Female 7 years (2009)


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  Burundi (Bujumbura):


  GPS points from Burundi (Bujumbura)

Nyange Makamba

Nyabiho Iprovense Ya Kirundo

Rabiro Gitega

Nkoyoyo Iprovense Ya Muyinga

Gatongati Iprovense Ya Muyinga

Gatongati (by05)

Karurama Iprovense Ya Cibitoke

Rango Iprovense Ya Muyinga




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