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The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cape Verde subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Following independence in 1975, and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau, a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990. Cape Verde continues to exhibit one of Africa's most stable democratic governments. Repeated droughts during the second half of the 20th century caused significant hardship and prompted heavy emigration. As a result, Cape Verde's expatriate population is greater than its domestic one. Most Cape Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 152
74,500 (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 169
396,400 (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Effective system, extensive modernization from 1996-2000 following partial privatization in 1995
Domestic
Major service provider is Cabo Verde Telecom (CVT); fiber-optic ring, completed in 2001, links all islands providing Internet access and ISDN services; cellular service introduced in 1998; broadband services launched in 2004
International
Country code - 238; landing point for the Atlantis-2 fiber-optic transatlantic telephone cable that provides links to South America, Senegal, and Europe; HF radiotelephone to Senegal and Guinea-Bissau; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)

Broadcast media
State-run TV and radio broadcast network plus a growing number of private broadcasters; Portuguese public TV and radio services for Africa are available; transmissions of a few international broadcasters are available (2007)

Internet country code
.cv

Internet hosts World Ranking: 216
31 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 148
150,000 (2009)


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  Cape Verde (Praia):


  GPS points from Cape Verde (Praia)

San Iago Concelho De Santa Cruz

Morre Braz Concelho Da Ribeira Brava

Chao Bom Concelho Do Tarrafal

Ponta Coruja Concelho Da Ribeira Brava

Baia Da Ribeira Alta Concelho Da Ribeira Grande

Ribeira Dos Cardos Concelho Do Tarrafal De Sao Nicolau

Malveira Concelho De Santa Catarina

Cha De Figueiras Concelho De Santa Catarina




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