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Guinea has had a history of authoritarian rule since gaining its independence from France in 1958. Lansana CONTE came to power in 1984 when the military seized the government after the death of the first president, Sekou TOURE. Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. CONTE (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government. He was reelected in 1998 and again in 2003, though all the polls were marred by irregularities. History repeated itself in December 2008 when following President CONTE's death, Capt. Moussa Dadis CAMARA led a military coup, seizing power and suspending the constitution. His unwillingness to yield to domestic and international pressure to step down led to heightened political tensions that culminated in September 2009 when presidential guards opened fire on an opposition rally killing more than 150 people, and in early December 2009 when CAMARA was wounded in an assassination attempt and evacuated to Morocco and subsequently to Burkina Faso. A transitional government led by General Sekouba KONATE held democratic elections in 2010 and Alpha CONDE was elected president in the country's first free and fair elections since independence.



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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Guinean(s)
Adjective Guinean

Ethnic groups
Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%

Languages
French (official)
Note
Each ethnic group has its own language

Religions
Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%

Population World Ranking: 76
10,884,958 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
42.5% (male 2,278,048/female 2,229,602)
15-64 years
54% (male 2,860,845/female 2,860,004)
65 years and over
3.5% (male 164,051/female 208,459) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 18.6 years
Male 18.4 years
Female 18.9 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 21
2.641% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 21
36.6 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 52
10.19 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 88
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 35% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
4.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
CONAKRY (capital) 1.597 million (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.79 male(s)/female
Total population 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 12
610 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 32
Total 59.04 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 62.18 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
55.81 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 191
Total population 58.61 years
Male 57.12 years
Female 60.15 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 19
5.04 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 103
6.1% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.1 physicians/1,000 population (2005)

Hospital bed density
0.31 beds/1,000 population (2005)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 38
1.3% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 45
79,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 39
4,700 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk Very high
Food or waterborne diseases
Bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne diseases Malaria and yellow fever
Water contact disease Schistosomiasis
Aerosolized dust or soil contact disease Lassa fever
Animal contact disease Rabies (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 31
20.8% (2008)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 148
2.4% of GDP (2008)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 41%
Male 52%
Female 30% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 9 years
Male 10 years
Female 7 years (2009)


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  Guinea (Conakry):


  GPS points from Guinea (Conakry)

Diana Prefecture De Faranah

Banisiraila Prefecture De Kouroussa

Tieve Mali

Dofilani Prefecture De Beyla

Kan-han Guinea (general)

Danbaya Prefecture De Kissidougou

Kourekou Prefecture De Dinguiraye

Doubere Prefecture De Dinguiraye




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