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Modern-day Laos has its roots in the ancient Lao kingdom of Lan Xang, established in the 14th Century under King FA NGUM. For 300 years Lan Xang had influence reaching into present-day Cambodia and Thailand, as well as over all of what is now Laos. After centuries of gradual decline, Laos came under the domination of Siam (Thailand) from the late 18th century until the late 19th century when it became part of French Indochina. The Franco-Siamese Treaty of 1907 defined the current Lao border with Thailand. In 1975, the Communist Pathet Lao took control of the government ending a six-century-old monarchy and instituting a strict socialist regime closely aligned to Vietnam. A gradual, limited return to private enterprise and the liberalization of foreign investment laws began in 1988. Laos became a member of ASEAN in 1997.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 144
103,100 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 112
4.003 million (2009)

Telephone system
General assessment
Service to general public is improving; the government relies on a radiotelephone network to communicate with remote areas
Domestic
Multiple service providers; mobile cellular usage growing very rapidly
International
Country code - 856; satellite earth station - 1 Intersputnik (Indian Ocean region) and a second to be developed by China (2008)

Broadcast media
3 TV stations operating out of Vientiane - 2 government-operated and the other jointly-owned by the government and a Thai company; 22 provincial stations operating with nearly all programming relayed via satellite from the government-operated stations in Vientiane; relays from Hanoi provide access to a Vietnamese TV station; broadcasts available from stations in Thailand and Vietnam in border areas; multi-channel satellite and cable TV systems provide access to a wide range of foreign stations; state-controlled radio with state-operated Lao National Radio (LNR) broadcasting on 5 frequencies - 1 AM, 2 SW, and 2 FM; LNR's AM and FM programs are relayed via satellite constituting a large part of the programming schedules of the provincial radio stations; Thai radio broadcasts available in border areas and transmissions of multiple international broadcasters are also accessible (2008)

Internet country code
.la

Internet hosts World Ranking: 166
1,526 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 130
300,000 (2009)


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  Laos (Vientiane):


  GPS points from Laos (Vientiane)

Ban Koutlamphong Khoueng Salavan

Ban Houei Lai Khoueng Houaphan

Ban Houayhoy Khoueng Louangphabang

Ban Nongkhoay Khoueng Oudomxai

Ban Vangmahang Khoueng Savannakhet

Houay Tam Khoueng Houaphan

Pring Khoueng Champasak

Phou Lang Sang Laos (general)




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