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Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) achieved independence from France in 1960. Repeated military coups during the 1970s and 1980s were followed by multiparty elections in the early 1990s. Current President Blaise COMPAORE came to power in a 1987 military coup and has won every election since then. Burkina Faso's high population density and limited natural resources result in poor economic prospects for the majority of its citizens.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun
Burkinabe (singular and plural)
Adjective Burkinabe

Ethnic groups
Mossi over 40%, other approximately 60% (includes Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, and Fulani)

Languages
French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population

Religions
Muslim 60.5%, Catholic 19%, animist 15.3%, Protestant 4.2%, other 0.6%, none 0.4%

Population World Ranking: 61
17,275,115 (July 2012 est.)
Note
Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years
45.8% (male 3,849,350/female 3,828,483)
15-64 years
51.7% (male 4,320,779/female 4,334,197)
65 years and over
2.5% (male 162,157/female 256,489) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 17 years
Male 16.8 years
Female 17.2 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate World Ranking: 9
3.073% (2012 est.)

Birth rate World Ranking: 5
43.2 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate World Ranking: 25
12.47 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate World Ranking: 80
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population 26% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization
6.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
OUAGADOUGOU (capital) 1.777 million (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.62 male(s)/female
Total population
0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate World Ranking: 38
300 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate World Ranking: 9
Total 79.84 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 87.26 deaths/1,000 live births
Female
72.19 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth World Ranking: 202
Total population 54.07 years
Male 52.09 years
Female 56.1 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate World Ranking: 6
6.07 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditures World Ranking: 93
6.4% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
0.064 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density
0.9 beds/1,000 population (2006)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate World Ranking: 40
1.2% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids World Ranking: 40
110,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths World Ranking: 30
7,100 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk Very high
Food or waterborne diseases
Bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease Malaria and yellow fever
Water contact disease Schistosomiasis
Respiratory disease Meningococcal meningitis
Animal contact disease Rabies
Note
Highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight World Ranking: 8
37.4% (2006)

Education expenditures World Ranking: 77
4.6% of GDP (2007)

Literacy
Definition
Age 15 and over can read and write
Total population 21.8%
Male 29.4%
Female 15.2% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 6 years
Male 7 years
Female 6 years (2009)


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  Burkina Faso (Ouagadougou):


  GPS points from Burkina Faso (Ouagadougou)

Kanono Burkina Faso (general)

Saadebile Burkina Faso (general)

Imyire Burkina Faso (general)

Dasamkande Centre-sud

Toidyougou Burkina Faso (general)

Gbanko Burkina Faso (general)

Beyoura Burkina Faso (general)

Gasenay Burkina Faso (general)




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