North America
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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)


People and Society






Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978, when President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but were viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform. KIBAKI's NARC coalition splintered in 2005 over a constitutional review process. Government defectors joined with KANU to form a new opposition coalition, the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), which defeated the government's draft constitution in a popular referendum in November 2005. KIBAKI's reelection in December 2007 brought charges of vote rigging from ODM candidate Raila ODINGA and unleashed two months of violence in which as many as 1,500 people died. UN-sponsored talks in late February 2008 produced a power-sharing accord bringing ODINGA into the government in the restored position of prime minister. Kenya in August 2010 adopted a new constitution that eliminates the role of prime minister after the next presidential election.


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Military branches
Kenya Armed Services: Kenya Army, Kenya Navy, Kenya Air Force (2010)

Military service age and obligation
18-26 years of age for male and female voluntary service (under 18 with parental consent), with a 9-year obligation (7 years for Kenyan Navy); applicants must be Kenyan citizens and provide a national identity card (obtained at age 18) and a school-leaving certificate; women serve under the same terms and conditions as men; mandatory retirement at age 55 (2010)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 9,768,140
Females age 16-49 9,466,257 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 6,361,268
Females age 16-49 6,106,870 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 422,104
Female 416,927 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 48
2.8% of GDP (2006)


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  Kenya (Nairobi):

  GPS points from Kenya (Nairobi)

Kiprota Sub-location Rift Valley Province

Lamerok Rift Valley Province

Kamatungu Eastern

Mulanganga Eastern

Gachuku Sub-location Central Province

Bulfaji Coast Province

Kirimba Eastern
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