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Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

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Military


Niger became independent from France in 1960 and experienced single-party and military rule until 1991, when Gen. Ali SAIBOU was forced by public pressure to allow multiparty elections, which resulted in a democratic government in 1993. Political infighting brought the government to a standstill and in 1996 led to a coup by Col. Ibrahim BARE. In 1999, BARE was killed in a counter coup by military officers who restored democratic rule and held elections that brought Mamadou TANDJA to power in December of that year. TANDJA was reelected in 2004 and in 2009 spearheaded a constitutional amendment that would allow him to extend his term as president. In February 2010, a military coup deposed TANDJA, immediately suspended the constitution and dissolved the Cabinet. ISSOUFOU Mahamadou emerged victorious from a crowded field in the election following the coup and was inaugurated in April 2011. Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world with minimal government services and insufficient funds to develop its resource base. The largely agrarian and subsistence-based economy is frequently disrupted by extended droughts common to the Sahel region of Africa. The Nigerien Movement for Justice, a predominately Tuareg ethnic group, emerged in February 2007, and attacked several military targets in Niger's northern region throughout 2007 and 2008. Successful government offensives in 2009 limited the rebels' operational capabilities.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 149
83,600 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 114
3.806 million (2009)

Telephone system
General assessment
Inadequate; small system of wire, radio telephone communications, and microwave radio relay links concentrated in the southwestern area of Niger
Domestic
Combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity remains only about 25 per 100 persons despite a rapidly increasing cellular subscribership base; domestic satellite system with 3 earth stations and 1 planned
International
Country code - 227; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) (2009)

Broadcast media
State-run TV station; 3 private TV stations provide a mix of local and foreign programming; state-run radio has only radio station with a national reach; about 30 private radio stations operate locally; as many as 100 community radio stations broadcast; transmissions of multiple international broadcasters are available (2007)

Internet country code
.ne

Internet hosts World Ranking: 196
229 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 155
115,900 (2009)


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  Niger (Niamey):


  GPS points from Niger (Niamey)

Toudoun Wafa Maradi

Samsam Bangou (ng05)

Kotchi Maradi

Asio (ng05)

Afarakrak Agadez

Dogon Tapkin Maradi

Melerom Diffa

Nguel Waye Zinder




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