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The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then. Yahya JAMMEH led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity. A new constitution and presidential elections in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. JAMMEH has been elected president in all subsequent elections including most recently in late 2011.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 162
49,100 (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 144
1.581 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
Adequate microwave radio relay and open-wire network; state-owned Gambia Telecommunications partially privatized in 2007
Domestic
Combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity, aided by multiple mobile-cellular providers, is roughly 90 per 100 persons
International
Country code - 220; microwave radio relay links to Senegal and Guinea-Bissau; a landing station for the Africa Coast to Europe (ACE) undersea fiber-optic cable is scheduled for completion in 2011; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)

Broadcast media
State-owned, single-channel TV service; state-owned radio station and 4 privately-owned radio stations; transmissions of multiple international broadcasters are available, some via shortwave radio; cable and satellite TV subscription services are obtainable in some parts of the country (2007)

Internet country code
.gm

Internet hosts World Ranking: 183
491 (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 150
130,100 (2009)


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  The Gambia (Banjul):


  GPS points from The Gambia (Banjul)

Ginoi Creek Lower River Division

Genge Tukulor Central River Division

Simbara Tukulor Central River Division

Balingho North Bank Division

Kakudia Western Division

Polodi North Bank Division

Jonkoto Swamp Upper River

Bajilo Western Division




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