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In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, but most particularly Italy and Spain, which provided the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents.


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Communications

Telephones - main lines in use World Ranking: 21
10.14 million (2011)

Telephones - mobile cellular World Ranking: 22
55 million (2011)

Telephone system
General assessment
In 1998 Argentina opened its telecommunications market to competition and foreign investment encouraging the growth of modern telecommunications technology; fiber-optic cable trunk lines are being installed between all major cities; major networks are entirely digital and the availability of telephone service is improving
Domestic
Microwave radio relay, fiber-optic cable, and a domestic satellite system with 40 earth stations serve the trunk network; fixed-line teledensity is increasing gradually and mobile-cellular subscribership is increasing rapidly; broadband Internet services are gaining ground
International
Country code - 54; landing point for the Atlantis-2, UNISUR, South America-1, and South American Crossing/Latin American Nautilus submarine cable systems that provide links to Europe, Africa, South and Central America, and US; satellite earth stations - 112; 2 international gateways near Buenos Aires (2011)

Broadcast media
Government owns a TV station and a radio network; more than 2 dozen TV stations and hundreds of privately-owned radio stations; high rate of cable TV subscription usage (2007)

Internet country code
.ar

Internet hosts World Ranking: 13
10.928 million (2010)

Internet users World Ranking: 28
13.694 million (2009)


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Argentina (Buenos Aires):


GPS points from Argentina (Buenos Aires)

Merlo Provincia De Buenos Aires

Estancia Pay Lauquen Provincia De Buenos Aires

Cerro Bustamante Provincia Del Neuquen

Puesto Ultima Aguada Provincia De Mendoza

Cienaga De Los Puentes Provincia De San Juan

Bordo Alto Del Payun Provincia De Mendoza

Cerro Toscoso Provincia De Mendoza

Las Lagunitas Provincia De Mendoza




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