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Military


In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, but most particularly Italy and Spain, which provided the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents.


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Military

Military branches
Argentine Army (Ejercito Argentino), Navy of the Argentine Republic (Armada Republica; includes naval aviation and naval infantry), Argentine Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Argentina, FAA) (2011)

Military service age and obligation
18-24 years of age for voluntary military service (18-21 requires parental consent); no conscription (2001)

Manpower available for military service
Males age 16-49 10,038,967
Females age 16-49 9,959,134 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
Males age 16-49 8,458,362
Females age 16-49 8,414,460 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Male 339,503
Female 323,170 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures World Ranking: 146
0.8% of GDP (2009)

Military - note
The Argentine military is a well-organized force constrained by the country's prolonged economic hardship; the country has recently experienced a strong recovery, and the military is implementing a modernization plan aimed at making the ground forces lighter and more responsive (2008)


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  Argentina (Buenos Aires):


  GPS points from Argentina (Buenos Aires)

Sola Provincia De Entre Rios

Arroyo Tunalito Provincia De Jujuy

Isla Costa Brava Provincia De Corrientes

Rio Curileuvu Provincia Del Neuquen

Cerro Barroso Provincia De Mendoza

Apeadero Kilometro 659 Provincia De Santiago Del Estero

Punta Delgada Provincia Del Chubut

Estancia El Centenario Provincia De Buenos Aires




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