getamap.net
Africa
Africa
Oceania
Oceania
Asia
Asia
North America
North America
Europe
Europe
South America
South America
Antarctica
Antarctica

Search: 



Administrative divisions (GPS Maps)

Geography

People and Society

Government

Economy

Communications

Transportation

Military


Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific.


Advertisements:

Advertisements Advertisements



Government

Country name
Conventional long form Kingdom of Tonga
Conventional short form Tonga
Local long form Pule'anga Tonga
Local short form Tonga
Former Friendly Islands

Government type
Constitutional monarchy

Capital
Name Nuku'alofa
Geographic coordinates 21 08 S, 175 12 W
Time difference
UTC+13 (18 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions
3 island groups; Ha'apai, Tongatapu, Vava'u

Independence
4 June 1970 (from UK protectorate)

National holiday
National Day, 4 November (1875)

Constitution
4 November 1875; revised 1 January 1967

Legal system
English common law

International law organization participation
Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt

Suffrage
21 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state
King TUPOU VI (since 18 March 2012); note - King George TUPOU V died on 18 March 2012 in Hong Kong; he was succeeded by his brother Crown Prince TUPOUTO'A Lavaka, who took the throne name TUPOU VI
Head of government
Prime Minister Lord Siale'ataonga TU'IVAKANO (since 22 December 2010)
Cabinet
Cabinet is nominated by the prime minister and appointed by the monarch
Note
There is also a Privy Council that advises the monarch
Elections
The monarchy is hereditary; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by and from the members of parliament and appointed by the monarch
Election results
Lord Siale'ataonga TU'IVAKANO elected by parliament on 21 December 2010 with 14 of 26 votes

Legislative branch
Unicameral Legislative Assembly or Fale Alea (26 seats - 9 for nobles elected from among the country's 29 nobles, 17 members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
Elections
Last held on 25 November 2010 (next to be held in 2014)
Election results
Peoples Representatives: percent of vote - independents 67.3%, Democratic Party 28.5%; seats - Democratic Party 12, independents 5

Judicial branch
Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the monarch); Court of Appeal (Chief Justice and high court justices from overseas chosen and approved by Privy Council)

Political parties and leaders
Democratic Party of the Friendly Islands [Samuela 'Akilisi POHIVA]; People's Democratic Party or PDP [Tesina FUKO]; Sustainable Nation-Building Party [Sione FONUA]; Tonga Democratic Labor Party [NA]; Tonga Human Rights and Democracy Movement or THRDM [Uliti UATA]

Political pressure groups and leaders
Human Rights and Democracy Movement Tonga or HRDMT [Rev. Simote VEA, chairman]; Public Servant's Association [Finau TUTONE]

International organization participation
ACP, ADB, AOSIS, C, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the us
Chief of mission
Ambassador Sonatane Tu'akinamolahi TAUMOEPEAU-TUPOU
Chancery
250 East 51st Street, New York, NY 10022
Telephone [1] (917) 369-1025
FAX [1] (917) 369-1024
Consulate(s) general San Francisco

Diplomatic representation from the us
The US does not have an embassy in Tonga; the US ambassador to Fiji is accredited to Tonga

Flag description
Red with a bold red cross on a white rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner; the cross reflects the deep-rooted Christianity in Tonga; red represents the blood of Christ and his sacrifice; white signifies purity

National symbol(s)
Red cross on white field; arms equal length

National anthem
Name
"Ko e fasi `o e tu"i `o e `Otu Tonga" (Song of the King of the Tonga Islands)
Lyrics/music
Uelingatoni Ngu TUPOUMALOHI/Karl Gustavus SCHMITT
Note
In use since 1875; the anthem is more commonly known as "Fasi Fakafonua" (National Song)


Comments

--- There are no comments yet ---


Add a new comment:



You have to log in to add a comment!

 

Avertisments  Advertisement


Members area  Members area

Username:
Password:

Register

Forgot password?

  Tonga (Nuku'alofa):


  GPS points from Tonga (Nuku'alofa)

Lua Fitu Ha Apai

Lua Atofuaa Vava U

Nukulahanga Vava U

Teleki Tonga Tonga (general)

Kotoo Ha Apai

Luanamu Island Ha Apai

Muikuku Point Ha Apai

Kooroomamaca Ha Apai




viewweather.com sv.ViewWeather.com
fr.ViewWeather.com
da.ViewWeather.com
de.ViewWeather.com
es.ViewWeather.com
www.carpati.org
www.searchromania.net
www.cdtracks.org
es.getamap.org
fr.getamap.org
de.getamap.org
nl.getamap.org
da.getamap.org
www.getamap.org
Links
Terms of use
Privacy policy

# 0.0188 sec 

contact AT getamap.net

© 2006 - 2020  http://www.getamap.net/